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Graduate Institute of Patent
Welcome to Graduate Institute of Patent
Establishment reason and features

1. Maintenance of Intellectual Property Rights is a current and future international trend

  In the advent of the knowledge economy age, technological development is the motivating force for social progress and economic development. Taiwan is relatively lacking in natural resources, and must rely on development of technology to promote advancement in state and society. Therefore, the rapid development of high-tech industries is the economic lifeline upon which Taiwan depends. The nature of the high-tech industry is a “smart industry,” the core competitiveness is in the energy of its Intellectual Property Rights and commoditized applications. Development of the high-tech industry not only relies on a good industrial development environment but also needs a comprehensive “Intellectual Property Rights” legal regulation to protect its investment. A comprehensive system of Intellectual Property Rights is an especially important mechanism to promote technological development. A comprehensive system of Intellectual Property Rights can ensure industrial investments, thereby attract more investment, more open technology and information, and avoid technological stagnation. The program seeks to accommodate the four emerging smart industries promoted by the government, in which there will be “industrialization of invention patent,” to enhance the Intellectual Property Rights system needed by high-tech industrial development in Taiwan, and train numerous and excellent professionals in Intellectual Property Rights; this is one of the current fundamental objectives in policies for Taiwanese social and industrial development. The program will accommodate current industries focusing on technology innovation in Taiwan, use Intellectual Property Rights to convert personal creative thought or team creativity into economic or reputational benefit for the individual or corporation, making Taiwanese industry more advantageous. Thus, the cultivation of professionals in Intellectual Property Rights is a very urgent issue.

 

2. Great increase in demand for Intellectual Property Rights professionals, lack in human resources

  The technical research and development in high-tech industries is the core in maintaining market competitiveness. As the main technology industries in Taiwan have transformed from traditional manufacturing to the design and R&D orientation, it is a necessary trend for them to protect their R&D achievements through the Intellectual Property Rights system in the age of the knowledge economy. According to the statistics of Intellectual Property Office, Ministry of Economic Affairs on patent applications, in 2002 there were nearly 60,000 applications, and in 2009 there were about 80,000. In recent years, the number of patent applications has gradually increased at a steady rate (as seen in Figure 1). Among them, the application amounts for citizens or foreigners are shown in Figure 2, which demonstrates the importance of new patent applications.

According to statistics on the applications for trademarks from the Ministry of Economic Affairs Intellectual Property Office, in the last 5 years there are about 240,000 trademark application cases in Taiwan. Most recently, the main trademark applications in the last five years are shown in Figure 3, which also shows the demand for trademark application cases.

The professional technical service industry has been listed as a part of the six major technological service development projects of the 2008 National Development Plan by the Ministry of Economic Affairs. When he was running for president, President Ma promulgated the “Economic policy – industrial restructure and global connections” policy, which pointed out that the Ministry of Economic Affairs will begin with issues beneficial to professional technological service development and internationalized business promotion, and be conducted with focuses on strengthening intellectual property evaluation and management mechanisms and technological transfers. According to the Council for Economic Planning And Development’s focus service personnel supply and demand survey and projection research project, which surveys the providers of planning and services in research and development strategies, as well as providers of professional services and planning and services for the utilization of research and development achievements. In 2008 there was an excess of demand by 916 people, 993 in 2009, and 1,076 in 2010. In view of the rapid growth in patent and trademark applications in Taiwan in recent years, there has been a rapid increase in relevant human resources. Other than the demand for patent attorneys, intellectual property engineers and evaluators are also in high demand. The emphasis on intellectual property rights of private corporations is not only in the high-tech industry, but traditional industries are also establishing departments on Intellectual Property Rights to hire professional Intellectual Property Rights engineers, which has made the students in this course more marketable after they graduate.

With increased demand for technological personnel and the advent of the knowledge economy era, the Intellectual Property Rights market is an emerging field with systems still being developed and a shortage in relevant personnel. At the current time, there are already intense battles in Intellectual Property Rights among corporations. There is an urgent need in the industry for human resources familiar with Intellectual Property Rights. Knowledge personnel who have their academic expertise along with Intellectual property Rights knowledge are in high demand.

 

3. The university has the advantage for the optimal training for Intellectual Property Rights personnel

National Taiwan University of Science and Technology was established with an emphasis on industrial technology, and accentuates the field of engineering and technical fields. It also has rich experience in the academic work and practice of management. For many years, it has trained many professional technological personnel for the state, society, and corporations. In recent years it has also established professional legal groups in Intellectual Property Rights, such as the Technology Transfer Center, Graduate Institute of Patent, and Graduate Institute of Technology Management; it has the optimal energy and environment for training personnel in Intellectual Property Rights. According to recent statistics from the National Science Council, the university is in top 3 for total amount in patent transfer, the number of cases, and personal technology transfer amounts. The university’s performance in patent technology transfers is clear; other than research in theoretical knowledge it also participates in practical operations.

  Intellectual Property Rights are a field that is highly integrated, crossing the three important fields of technology innovation, legal regulations, and technology management, and covers extremely broad and complex areas. The cultivation of Intellectual Property Rights personnel must involve interdisciplinary training in technique and technology, industry and management, and law. This cannot be achieved by traditional single school departments. The program has integrated university resources from the fundamental level; starting at the undergraduate level, students are cultivated to gain the basic abilities in Intellectual Property Rights, enhancing industry-academic collaboration and hiring teachers from practical fields, in turn cultivating professionals with generalized abilities and international competitiveness. This is done to enhance international competitiveness in the professional field and to connect with the rest of the world in promoting development in Intellectual Property Rights in Taiwan.

Most students at the university have science or management backgrounds. In order to allow students to have more diverse choices and to provide university students with secondary expertise areas, it is necessary to establish the “Bachelor Degree Program of Intellectual Property Rights.” If students with science or management backgrounds are supplemented with this program, after they graduate their expertise would supplement the Intellectual Property Rights program regardless of whether they choose to enter the force or continue advanced studies. This conforms to the demands of society and the corporate world, and can benefit development in the technology industry in Taiwan.

  In terms of instruction and research planning, this program focuses on cultivating student abilities in Intellectual Property Rights theory and practice among recruited students. Other than holding professional Intellectual Property Rights courses that balance theory and practice to strengthen student abilities in discourse and deduction, the primary research these of technology innovation, legal regulation, and technology management are used to train students to become professionals with ability in practical operations.

  • Figure 1: New patent applications from 1998 to 2010(Source: Intellectual Property Office)
    Figure 1: New patent applications from 1998 to 2010(Source: Intellectual Property Office)
  • Figure 2: 2000-2010 new patent applications by domestic citizens and foreigners(Source: Intellectual Property Office)
    Figure 2: 2000-2010 new patent applications by domestic citizens and foreigners(Source: Intellectual Property Office)
  • Figure 3: Trademark applications in important countries in the last five years(Source: Intellectual Property Office)The chart from left to right: years, Republic of China, Japan, the United States, Europe(not included France and the United Kingdom), France, the United Kingdom, China, South Korea, Singapore, Others, Total.
    Figure 3: Trademark applications in important countries in the last five years(Source: Intellectual Property Office)The chart from left to right: years, Republic of China, Japan, the United States, Europe(not included France and the United Kingdom), France, the United Kingdom, China, South Korea, Singapore, Others, Total.
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